Tetsu-to-Hagané
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ONLINE ISSN: 1883-2954
PRINT ISSN: 0021-1575

Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol. 53 (1967), No. 9

  • 研究は人なり

    pp. 1079-1080

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    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. 表面処理・その他 Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.52(1966), No.11
    2. Kinetic Study of the Decarburization of Liquid Iron Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.52(1966), No.12
    3. II 連続鋳造の凝固について Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.56(1970), No.4
  • Consideration on Oil Replacement Coefficient in Blast Furnace Operation

    pp. 1081-1094

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    There are many reports on heavy oil replacement coefficient in the blast furnace operation. But in most cases the replacement coefficients have been calculated by the following equation:
    Replacement coefficient R= (Standard coke rate)-(coke rate with oil injection)/Oil rate
    However the use of this equation for the theoretical study involves many problems because of the various factors in the blast furnace operation.
    In this report, we outlined our theoretical study on the oil replacement coefficient and proposed a new method of calculation based on carbon balance in the previous report.
    (1) We discussed the heavy oil replacement coefficient R, when top gas ratio γ= (CO/CO2) and utilization coefficient of hydrogen γ1, did not change before and after the commencement of oil injection.
    The following equation was deduced:
    R= 6Bη(1+γ) x+A
    Where A: carbon fraction in heavy oil, B: hydrogen fraction in heavy oil, x=Oa/Ob, Oa: proportion of oxygen removed by CO before oil injection in the oxygen reduced by hydrogen from oil during oil injection. Ob: amount of oxygen removed by hydrogen from oil.(x is always between 0 and 1)
    (i) When the heat absorption by oil injection is completely compensated by elevating the blast temperature etc.(when there is no change in the total direct reduction rate caused by oil injection).
    x=1, ∴R= 6Bη(1+γ) +A
    In this case R takes the maximum value.
    (ii) When the heat absorption by oil injection is not completely compensated (when direct reduction rate decreases during oil injection),
    x<1 ∴R= 6Bη(1+γ) x+A
    In the special case when hydrogen produced from heavy oil reacts only with the oxygen that has been removed by direct reduction before oil injection.
    x=0 ∴ R= A
    In this case R takes the minimum value.
    (2) Relations between oil rate Y and R are as follows. Let YL be the maximum quantity of oil that can be injected without any change in direct reduction rate.
    (i) YYL, R= 6Bη(1+γ) +A
    (ii) Y>YL
    R= 6Bη(1+γ)α+A+6Bη(1+γ)(1-α) YL/Y
    where α: factor depending on thermal balance.
    These relations show that the heat compensation is very important to gain high oil replacement coefficient.
    (3) Examples of applying the new method of calculation.
    (i) When the blast temperature is increased from 900°C to 1000°C for heat compensation. The following are gained:
    When Y≤12⋅8 (kg/t) R= 1⋅535
    whenY>12⋅8 R= 1⋅035+6⋅170/Y
    (ii) The oil replacement coefficients for Kokura No.1 and No.2 blast furnace were calculated as follows:
    R: 1⋅32-1⋅59 (No.1 B.F.) R: 1⋅35-1⋅63 (No.2 B.F.)
  • Review on the Methods of Chemical Analysis for Iron and Steel

    pp. 1095-1118

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  • Memoirs of Manufacturing Technology of Armor Plate

    pp. 1119-1129

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    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. 表面処理・その他 Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.52(1966), No.11
    2. Kinetic Study of the Decarburization of Liquid Iron Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.52(1966), No.12
    3. 随想 Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.64(1978), No.8
  • The Swedish Steel Industry

    pp. 1130-1140

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  • The Future Movement and Effect of Technical Development of Japan Iron and Steel Industry

    pp. 1141-1143

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  • Vision of Steel Making Technology

    pp. 1144-1146

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  • 抄録

    pp. 1147-1151

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  1. blast furnace
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  3. blast furnace permeability
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  7. activity coefficient of ti in liquid iron
  8. continuous casting of electrical steel
  9. deoxygen in liquid iron
  10. electrical steel and continuous casting