Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 86 (2007), No. 4

  • Optimum System Design for Effective Utilization of Livestock Manure in Rural Area

    pp. 256-264

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.256

    A linear optimization model to design livestock manure disposal system has been developed. The model can design the most economically efficient disposal system under the restriction of nitrogen supply, which has to be less than nitrogen demand in agricultural land to prevent water and land pollution. The livestock manure considered in the model are dairy cattle, beef cattle, swine, and poultry excreta. The disposal facilities considered here are composting, carbonization, wet methane fermentation, dry methane fermentation and poultry manure boiler. The optimization model has been applied for case study focused on Tome-city with four scenarios, such as scenario 1; reference case, scenario 2; subsidy for biogas plant case, scenario 3; facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization case, and scenario 4; combination of scenario 2 and 3. In the reference case, because of low demand for organic fertilizer, much of the live stock manure is processed in carbonization facility and not utilized as compost or liquid fertilizer. The result indicates that the facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization is the best policy option to maximize economic efficiency. Moreover, the combination of subsidy for biogas plant and facilitation of organic fertilizer utilization is the best policy option for energy utilization of livestock manure.
  • Optimum Conditions for Gasification in Dual Fixed Bed Gasifier

    pp. 265-269

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.265

    Optimum conditions for gasification of wood chips were experimentally investigated in dual, small-sized fixed bed gasifier (153mm φ × 420mmH) with air. The experiments have been performed using two different sizes of wood chips (41 × 14 × 5mm ; 13 × 8 × 3mm).
    As a result, the gasification temperature of 1173-1273K in the gasifier may be optimal to gasify the wood chips. The gaseous product from the large-sized wood chips can be used as a gaseous fuel (higher heating value, 5990kJ/Nm3) for internal combustion engines.

Article Access Ranking

17 Apr. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Three-dimensional Investigations of Non-metallic Inclusions in Stainless Steels before and after Machining ISIJ International Advance Publication
  2. Perspective toward Long-term Global Goal for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Steel Industry Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.105(2019), No.6
  3. Influence of Ore Assimilation and Pore Formation during Sintering on Reduction Behavior of Sintered Ores Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.107(2021), No.3
  4. Steam Reforming of Methane on Sponge Iron: Influence of Gas Composition on Reaction Rate ISIJ International Vol.61(2020), No.1
  5. Numerical Simulation of Flow, Heat, Solidification, Solute Transfer and Electromagnetic Field for Vertical Mold and Curved Mold of Billet ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  6. Structural and Mechanical Characterizations of Top Dross in a Molten Zinc Bath ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  7. Dissolution Behavior of Mg and Ca from Dolomite Refractory into Al-killed Molten Steel ISIJ International Advance Publication
  8. Effect of Rare Earth Ce on the Morphology and Distribution of Al2O3 Inclusions in High Strength IF Steel Containing Phosphorus during Continuous Casting and Rolling Process ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  9. Deformation Behavior of Longitudinal Surface Flaws in Flat Rolling of Steel Wire ISIJ International Advance Publication
  10. Preface to the Special Issue on “Toward Suppression of Hydrogen Absorption and Hydrogen Embrittlement for Steels” ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.4

Search Phrase Ranking

17 Apr. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. coke oven gas injection
  3. tetsu-to-hagané
  4. blast furnace permeability
  5. blast furnace productivity
  6. slag
  7. ultrasonic inclusion
  8. continuous casting of electrical steel
  9. deoxygen in liquid iron
  10. electrical steel and continuous casting