Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 86 (2007), No. 7

  • Study on Chemical Form of Boron in Coal by Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    pp. 455-461

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.455

    The aim of this paper is to investigate boron species in coals in order to research partitioning of boron in pulverized coal-fired process. Some extracted coal samples using specific gravity separation and these LTA (Low Temperature Ash) samples were treated with leaching of pure water. Solid-state MAS 11B-NMR spectra of these coals and LTA samples were obtained. Chemical shift of boron species in coal was observed both trigonal and tetrahedral coordinated boron and existent ratio was different with kinds of coal. It was estimated that a part of boron in coal was existed as water-soluble compounds and its chemical form was boric acid and its anhydride, borate of alkaline and alkaline earth metals, and then these compounds minutely dispersed in organic matter of coal.
  • Improvement of Bioethanol Process—Design and Evaluation of Pretreatment Step and Whole Process—

    pp. 462-469

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.462

    Biomass is a carbon neutral material and the development of processes for the use of the bioethanol is being accelerated worldwidely, as its demand for an alternate transportation fuel is increasing. The bioethanol has advantages such as low environmental impacts and high octane number. However, its heat of combustion per unit volume is about 70% of that of gasoline. Even an expected cost by a future NREL process is ¥30/kg-ethanol, it is much higher than an assumed production cost of gasoline of ¥25/l (crude oil, $30/bbl). In order to make the production cost of bioethanol competitive to that of gasoline, the bioethanol process should be rationalized. We reported on the rationalization of the refinement process of the bioethanol in the former report and also the rationalization of the fermentation process using corn stover as biomass resource. Herein, we report on the rationalization of the pretreatment process which uses hot water without sulfuric acid. The cost reduction by the rationalization of the pretreatment process is ¥1.5/kg-ethanol. The production cost of bioethanol is decreased by ¥3.5/kg-ethanol by whole process improvements and calculated to be ¥26.3/kg-ethanol.
  • Improvement of the Bioethanol Process Using Cassava Pulp as Biomass Resource

    pp. 470-474

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.470

    Biomass is a carbon neutral material and the development of processes for the use of the bioethanol is being accelerated worldwidely, as its demand for an alternate transportation fuel is increasing. In order to make the production cost of bioethanol competitive to that of gasoline, the bioethanol process should be rationalized. We reported on rationalized process using corn stover as biomass resources. The production cost of bioethanol was decreased by 3.5¥/kg-ethanol by whole process improvements and calculated to be ¥26.3/kg-ethanol. Here, the results of rationalized process design and cost estimation of ethanol using cassava pulp instead of corn stover as biomass resource are reported. Cassava pulp is cheaper than corn stover based on unit ethanol production, however its composition is characterized as low cellulose and hemicellulose, and high starch and water contents compared to those of corn stover. The rationalized process was proposed under the consideration of those complex characteristics of cassava pulp. The production cost of bioethanol could be decreased to ¥22.2/kg-ethanol due to the rationalization in the pretreatment process and the saccharification process. The cost reduction of about ¥8/kg-ethanol or 26% compared to by the future NREL process was obtained.
  • Carbonization of Model Garbage under Hydrothermal Condition

    pp. 475-479

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.86.475

    Carbonization of model garbage under hydrothermal condition was examined, and then compared with dry condition. The char yields obtained from the model garbage using hydrothermal condition were equal to those using dry condition. The yield and its carbon content at 573K, 0h under hydrothermal condition are 43wt% and 68wt% respectively. The heating value of the char was 30MJ/kg at 573K under hydrothermal condition. As it is higher than the obtained char (25MJ/kg) under dry condition, it is suitable for use as a fuel.

Article Access Ranking

19 Jan. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Improving Blast Furnace Raceway Blockage Detection. Part 1: Classification of Blockage Events and Processing Framework ISIJ International Advance Publication
  2. A Review of the Chemistry, Structure and Formation Conditions of Silico-Ferrite of Calcium and Aluminum (‘SFCA’) Phases ISIJ International Vol.58(2018), No.12
  3. Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility Evaluation of Tempered Martensitic Steels Showing Different Fracture Surface Morphologies Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.105(2019), No.1
  4. Heat Transfer Characteristic of Slit Nozzle Impingement on High-temperature Plate Surface ISIJ International Advance Publication
  5. Fusion Zone Microstructural Evolution of Al-10% Si Coated Hot Stamping Steel during Laser Welding ISIJ International Vol.59(2019), No.1
  6. Effect of Annealing Time on Oxides Phases and Morphology along Oxidized Depth of Fe-3%Si Steel during Decarburization ISIJ International Vol.59(2019), No.1
  7. Improving Blast Furnace Raceway Blockage Detection. Part 2: Signal Processing of Hot Blast Pressure Data ISIJ International Advance Publication
  8. Effects of Sulfur and Titanium Interaction in Molten Pig Iron on Erosion of Carbon Brick ISIJ International Vol.59(2019), No.1
  9. Numerical Simulation of Decarburization Kinetics for Fe-3%Si Steel during Annealing ISIJ International Advance Publication
  10. Improving Blast Furnace Raceway Blockage Detection. Part 3: Visual Detection Based on Tuyere Camera Images ISIJ International Advance Publication

Search Phrase Ranking

19 Jan. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. blast furnace productivity
  3. blast furnace permeability
  4. 鉄と鋼
  5. laser welder
  6. titanium
  7. activity feo
  8. argon steel
  9. continous annealing
  10. eaf operation