Recent Situation and Strategic Development of Advanced Biofuels in Thailand
In 2007 Thailand Ministry of Energy boldly announced a 15-year Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) to boost the share of renewable energy (RE) from 6.4% to 14.1% of total energy consumption by 2022. In Nov. 2011, the said AEDP was replaced by a bolder 10-year Plan (2012-2021), in which the former target for bioethanol production was kept at 9.0 dam3/d (9.00 ML/d) while that for biodiesel was revised upwards to 5.97 dam3/d by 2021. On top of that, a brand new target for second-generation biodiesel is set at 25.0 dam3/d in 2021, starting from essentially nil. The major differences are that the former share of alternative energy (AE) is to rise from 9.4% of total energy consumption in 2008 to 20% in 2022, whereas revised share is to rise to 25% by 2021. This article will give a brief overview of Thailand’s audacious 10-year AEDP and introduce selected advanced production technologies necessary for nonfood biofuels, especially cellulosic bioethanol. Since accelerated development of these advanced technologies will present a grand challenge to Thailand, the author would like to propose an effective win-win development strategy for biofuel R&D through the establishment of an international open innovation center (IOIRC) in biomass in Thailand.
Readers Who Read This Article Also Read
Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.92(2013), No.1
Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.93(2014), No.3
Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.93(2014), No.6