Energy Balance of a Staged Process for the Supercritical Water Gasification of a Hydrogen Fermentation Residue of Food Waste
Hiroto MUNETSUNA, Masahiro TAMAI, Yoji NODA, Yukihiko MATSUMURA
This study was conducted to calculate the energy balance of supercritical water gasification with an activated carbon catalyst for a hydrogen fermentation residue of soybean fiber (SFHFR). To circumvent the problem of plugging, we examined the gasification of SFHFR by a staged operation with alternate feeding of water and feedstock. The calculations were applied to a gasification reaction conducted within a tubular reactor at 600°C and 25 MPa, with an average residence time of 73 s. The calculation results were a cold gas efficiency ηR [(amount of energy recovery from feedstock as product gas, Eg) / (energy supply from feedstock, Ef)] of 0.72 and an energy efficiency ηe, Eg / [(heat supplied by the electric furnace, Ei) + (energy supply from feedstock, Ef)] of 0.30. A comparison between continuous operation and the operation in staged intervals confirmed the effectiveness of the latter.
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