Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 85 (2006), No. 11

  • Influence of Iron Chloride on Hydrocracking of Waste Plastics Using Coal Tar

    pp. 876-881

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.85.876

    When waste plastics that include chlorine-containing plastics, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), are used for a blast furnace, a chlorine-containing gas generated during pyrolysis may corrode the equipment. Then, the melt process mixed with PVC, polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, coal tar (HOB) and Fe2O3 as the antichlor agents were examined to stabilize chlorine that was detached from PVC to form iron chloride. After the melt process, these were hydrocracked to produce oil. The result that chlorine was stabilized by iron oxide and formed iron chloride on the melt process was confirmed and reported. Subsequently, the influence of iron chloride on the hydorcracking process was examined. The following results were obtained;
    (1) FeCl2 and FeCl3 promote polymerization of the product, and chlorine, which is generated from FeCl3 by pyrolysis, is distributed in the product.
    (2) When Fe2O3 is added on the melt process excessively, the dispersion of chlorine can be controlled by Fe2O3 to fix chlorine generated from FeCl3.
    (3) However, it is necessary to remove the iron chloride before the hydrocracking process because they promote polymerization of the products.
  • Exhaust Emissions and Performance of Diesel Engine Operating on Vegetable Oil and Animal Fat

    pp. 882-887

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.85.882

    The object of this study is to experimentally evaluate a performance and exhaust emissions of a single cylinder, four stroke cycle, direct-injection type diesel engine with no modifications operating on gas oil, waste vegetable oils, waste animal fat from restaurant grease and rice oil methyl ester. To prevent the clogging of the injection nozzle, gas oil was used as fuel before and after the experiment by tested fuels. The combustion characteristics and emissions such as specific energy consumption, ignition delay, concentra-tions of NOx, CO, THC, particulate matter PM and smoke opacity are compared with those of JIS # 2 gas oil. The measurement results showed that the vegetable oil and animal fat produced lower amount of CO, smoke and PM at high load condition. Specially, animal fat offers a measurable reduction in NOx concentration compared to JIS # 2 gas oil, while at the same time lowering, PM and smoke at high load condition. Also discussed are the usability of the fuel pre-heater to reduce the effect of the high viscosity of animal fat, as well as the validity of application to a treatment process of the waste food oil.

Article Access Ranking

24 Jan. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Perspective toward Long-term Global Goal for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Steel Industry Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.105(2019), No.6
  2. In-Situ Observation Experimental Study on the Agglomeration and Dispersion of Particles at the Interface of High-temperature Melts ISIJ International Advance Publication
  3. Review on the High-Temperature Thermophysical Properties of Continuous Casting Mold Fluxes for Highly Alloyed Steels Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.107(2021), No.1
  4. Quantitative Evaluation of Solute Hydrogen Effect on Dislocation Density in a Low-carbon Stable Austenitic Stainless Steel ISIJ International Advance Publication
  5. Development and Prospects of Refining Techniques in Steelmaking Process ISIJ International Vol.60(2020), No.12
  6. In situ Observation of Reduction Behavior of Multicomponent Calcium Ferrites by XRD and XAFS Tetsu-to-Hagané Advance Publication
  7. Effects of Residual Stress on Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Stretch-Formed Tempered Martensitic Steel Sheet ISIJ International Advance Publication
  8. Improved Hydrogen Embrittlement Resistance of Steel by Shot Peening and Subsequent Low-temperature Annealing ISIJ International Advance Publication
  9. Preface to the Diamond Jubilee Issue on “Selected Topics in Iron and Steel and Their Processing toward the New Steel Age” ISIJ International Vol.60(2020), No.12
  10. Intraparticle Temperature of Iron-Oxide Pellet during the Reduction Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.60(1974), No.9

Search Phrase Ranking

24 Jan. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. 西山記念技術講座
  3. blast furnace permeability
  4. j. f. elliott
  5. blast furnace burden distribution
  6. blast furnace productivity
  7. bottom dross
  8. carbon-containing pellet
  9. cog blast furnace injection
  10. cr2o3 al2o3