Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 82 (2003), No. 5

  • Characteristics of Charcoal made from used Paper and Utilization as a Cultivation Material for Mushroom growing

    pp. 254-260

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.82.254

    This paper presents the changes of behavior and the characteristics of used paper carbonized at various temperatures up to 1, 000°C, and utilization of charcoal made from used paper, as a cultivation material for mushroom growing. The weight of the used paper decreased when heated, mainly in the temperature range from 250°C to 400°C. The used paper shrunk around the similar temperature. However, the temperature that shrinkage started was 20°C higher than the temperature that weight decrease started. The charcoal made from used paper had two types of pores, pores between fibers and pores in fibers. Pores between fibers were created at temperatures of less than 400°C, which was evident after the remarkable weight decreases had finished. Bulk density influenced the formation of the pore between fibers. Pore volume and pore diameter decreased with increased bulk density. Pleuroutus ostreatus was able to be cultivated on charcoal made from used paper. The occurrence of fruit bodies and the mycelial growth in the charcoal was greater in charcoal that had a low bulk density and high moisture content. Therefore, charcoal made from used paper is a good medium for cultivating various kinds of fungi.
    x

    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. Inventory Analysis of BTX Recovery System for Industrial Waste Plastics Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.4
    2. Evaluation of Economics and CO2 Emission for Developing Offshore Methane Hydrate Deposit Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.4
    3. Catalyst Development for the Power Generation by Biomass Gasification Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.5
  • Catalyst Development for the Power Generation by Biomass Gasification

    pp. 261-266

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.82.261

    The conventional methods of biomass gasification to hydrogen and synthesis gas have been carried out at high temperature. The purpose of this study is catalyst development for energy efficient power generation by catalytic gasification of biomass at lower reaction temperature. We have tested Rh/CeO2/SiO2 catalysts with various CeO2 content in cellulose gasification. We have found that the optimum content was 35wt% CeO2. From the comparison between our catalyst and conventional methods (steam reforming Ni catalyst, dolomite, noncatalyst) in terms of C-conversion to gas and cold gas effi-ciency, Rh/CeO2/SiO2 (35) catalyst exhibited much higher performance than other methods. It is suggest-ed that our catalyst can enhance the energy efficiency of power generation utilizing biomass gasification.
    x

    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. Inventory Analysis of BTX Recovery System for Industrial Waste Plastics Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.4
    2. Evaluation of Economics and CO2 Emission for Developing Offshore Methane Hydrate Deposit Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.4
    3. Characteristics of Charcoal made from used Paper and Utilization as a Cultivation Material for Mushroom growing Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.82(2003), No.5

Article Access Ranking

19 May. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Influence of Thermomechanical Treatment on Delayed Fracture Property of Mo-Bearing Medium-Carbon Steel ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.2
  2. Interaction Coefficients of Mo, B, Ni, Ti and Nb with Sn in Molten Fe–18mass%Cr Alloy ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.3
  3. Dissolution Kinetics of Synthetic FeCr2O4 in CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2 Slag ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.4
  4. Fundamentals of Silico-Ferrite of Calcium and Aluminium (SFCA) and SFCA-I Iron Ore Sinter Bonding Phase Formation: Effects of MgO Source on Phase Formation during Heating ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.4
  5. Surface Quality Evaluation of Heavy and Medium Plate Using an Analytic Hierarchy Process Based on Defects Online Detection ISIJ International Advance Publication
  6. Exploration of the Relationship between the Electromagnetic Field and the Hydrodynamic Phenomenon in a Channel Type Induction Heating Tundish Using a Validated Model ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.4
  7. Comparison of Oxidation Behavior of Various Reactive Elements in Alloys during Electroslag Remelting (ESR) Process: An Overview ISIJ International Advance Publication
  8. Assessment of Blast Furnace Operational Constraints in the Presence of Hydrogen Injection ISIJ International Advance Publication
  9. Phenomenological Understanding about Melting Temperature of Multi-Component Oxides Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.108(2022), No.4
  10. Influence of Stabilizing Elements on Ductile-Brittle Transition Temperature (DBTT) of 18Cr Ferritic Stainless Steels ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.4

Search Phrase Ranking

19 May. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. blast furnace productivity
  3. blast furnace permeability
  4. steel
  5. galvannealing
  6. jet impingement
  7. jet impingement + cooling + runout table
  8. nitrogen
  9. refractory
  10. valve spring steel