Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 81 (2002), No. 4

  • Fundamentals on Vaporization Behavior of Trace Metal Compounds at Different Atmospheres and Temperatures

    pp. 256-262

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.81.256

    Trace metals are usually inevitably contained in wastes, coals and so forth. When the wastes and/or coals are burnt, pollutants like NOx, SOx, soot, particulates, dioxins and heavy metal compounds are emitted from the furnaces. Some of the heavy trace metal compounds condense on the particle surface and/or form fine particulates during the combustion/incineration processes. Owing to the difficulties in capturing those fine particulates by means of conventional dust collection systems, those particulates tend to be exhausted into the atmosphere. In this study, fundamental behavior of the vaporization of Pb, Cd and Cr compounds was studied at relatively low temperature. In this experiment the effects of temperature and reaction atmosphere on the vaporization behavior of Pb, Cd and Cr compounds were studied using a thermobalance. The chemical thermoequilibrium calculation for each compound was also carried out in order to validate the experimental results obtained. As a result, the vaporization behavior of the metal compounds appears dependent on their respective melting points. Most of chlorides were easily vaporized at relatively low temperatures. This suggests that the presence of HCl enhances the vaporization of metal compounds, while coexistence of SO2 shows inhibition of the vaporization tendencies of Pb and Cd compounds. All of the Cd compounds vaporized in the reducing conditions. The results of chemical thermoequilibrium calculation agreed closely with the experimental results obtained.
    x

    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. Hydrocracking of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds (4) Hydrocracking of Phenanthrene and Anthracene over a Sulfided Ni-Mo/Al2O3 Catalyst Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    2. Economic Analysis of Plastic Recycling System Based on the Wastes Distribution Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    3. Inventory Analysis of Composting System for Garbage Discharged from Retail Stores Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
  • Evaluation of Biomass Gasification Cogeneration System by using Scrap Wood in a Sawmill

    pp. 263-273

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.81.263

    In this paper, we designed biomass gasification cogeneration plant in a sawmill. The sawmill in K town in Ehime prefecture was selected as the model plant. The biomass material used as the fuel is cedar (scrap wood). The plant consists of a fluidized-bed gasifier and a gas engine. These components produce steam, hot water and electricity. The net electricity and steam power from the plant are 2, 000kW and 7, 492 MJ/h respectively. The fuel of gas engine is mixture of low calorific biogas and LPG. The condition of steam by recovering from a heat recovery boiler and a exhaust boiler is 0.9MPa and 175°C. The net efficiency of this system was 41.6%-LHV. In addition, the basic data on the performance of the gasifier were obtained from the two experiments concerning the pyrolysis of wood and the gasification of Char. Using the basic data of both experiments, the efficiency of the gasification was calculated.
    From the results of energy demand, especially electricity and heat, the biomass of 10, 512 t/year and LPG of 593t/year are consumed. Furthermore, the CO2 emission of 3, 468 t-CO2/year and the weight of final disposal of 8, 857 t/year are reduced compared with conventional case (non-biomass energy system).
    x

    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. Hydrocracking of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds (4) Hydrocracking of Phenanthrene and Anthracene over a Sulfided Ni-Mo/Al2O3 Catalyst Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    2. Economic Analysis of Plastic Recycling System Based on the Wastes Distribution Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    3. Inventory Analysis of Composting System for Garbage Discharged from Retail Stores Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
  • Methanol-Mediated Extraction of Coal Liquid (4)

    pp. 274-278

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.81.274

    In order to evaluate metal materials for a methanol-mediated extraction process, an electrochemical corrosion tests and an immersion corrosion tests of carbon steel (SS400) and stainless steels (SUS304 and SUS316L) were performed using a phenol-containing methanol-water solution recovered from a methanol-mediated extraction of naphtha fraction of Tanito Harum coal liquid.
    In Both tests, the corrosion rates were 0.1-0.5mm/y on SS400, and less than 0.01mm/y on both SUS304 and SUS316L. From those results, it could be concluded that SUS304 and SUS316L are available for the plant materials, except SS400.
    x

    Readers Who Read This Article Also Read

    1. Hydrocracking of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds (4) Hydrocracking of Phenanthrene and Anthracene over a Sulfided Ni-Mo/Al2O3 Catalyst Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    2. Economic Analysis of Plastic Recycling System Based on the Wastes Distribution Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11
    3. Inventory Analysis of Composting System for Garbage Discharged from Retail Stores Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol.81(2002), No.11

Article Access Ranking

30 Sep. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Deformation of Non-metallic Inclusions in Steel during Rolling Process: A Review ISIJ International Advance Publication
  2. Interaction Coefficients of Cu and Sn with Mn in Molten Iron at 1873 K ISIJ International Advance Publication
  3. Thickness classifier on steel in heavy melting scrap by deep-learning-based image analysis ISIJ International Advance Publication
  4. Bandwidth Maximization of Disturbance Observer Based on Experimental Frequency Response Data SICE Journal of Control, Measurement, and System Integration Vol.13(2020), No.6
  5. Soft sensors and Diagnostic Models Using Real Time Data of Blast Furnaces at Tata Steel ISIJ International Advance Publication
  6. Effect of SiO2 content and mass ratio of CaO to Al2O3 on the viscosity and structure of CaO-Al2O3-B2O3-SiO2 slags ISIJ International Advance Publication
  7. Thermodynamic Conditions of MgO and MgO·Al2O3 Formation and Variation of Inclusions Formed in Fe-17 mass%Cr Steel at 1873 K Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.108(2022), No.8
  8. Non-Cooperative Optimization Algorithm of Charging Scheduling for Electric Vehicle SICE Journal of Control, Measurement, and System Integration Vol.13(2020), No.6
  9. Comparison of Oxidation Behavior of Various Reactive Elements in Alloys during Electroslag Remelting (ESR) Process: An Overview ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.8
  10. Effect of 2CaO·SiO2 Addition on Reaction Behavior of Iron Ore Sinters ISIJ International Vol.62(2022), No.9

Search Phrase Ranking

30 Sep. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. 鉄と鋼
  3. si-killed spring steel
  4. hydrogen trapping
  5. isij international
  6. steel
  7. bake hardening
  8. damping alloy
  9. matsumura
  10. pickling