Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
New Arrival Alert : OFF

You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
Please click the button below.

Log in / Sign up
ONLINE ISSN: 1882-6121
PRINT ISSN: 0916-8753

Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy Vol. 83 (2004), No. 2

  • Active Carbon Supported Rhodium Catalyst in the Hydroformylation of 1-Hexene

    pp. 130-136

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.83.130

    Hydroformylation performance of 1-hexene over rhodium solid catalyst was studied under mild reac-tion condition (H2/CO=1/1, Pressure=3.0MPa, T=403K). Its hydroformylation activities were examined systematically in various solvents. Effects of operating variables on the CO conversion, yields of products and stability of the catalysts also have been discussed in detail. It was found that the rhodium catalyst exhibited the excellent activity in the n-octane solvent, while poor activity in the alcoholic and H2O solvent. Rh/active carbon (Rh/C) catalyst presented superior catalytic performances over Rh/SiO2 catalyst in the activity, selectivity and stability. As the most important, Rh/C catalyst showed stable activity in the continuous (olefin and synthesis gas) feeding system even in the low metal loading, giving the total turn over number (TON) of 500 during 14 hs reaction.
  • Chlorine Behavior During Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Process at the First Stage of the Two-Stage Fluidized-Bed Waste Incinerator

    pp. 137-148

    Bookmark

    You can use this feature after you logged into the site.
    Please click the button below.

    Log in / Sign Up

    DOI:10.3775/jie.83.137

    The aim of this study is to research the mechanism of dechlorination for low-temperature pyrolysis process not only by establishing the material and calorific balance at the first stage of the two-stage fluid-ized-bed waste incinerator but also by revealing the behavior of chlorine towards products formed in the pyrolysis. The pyrolysis experiments have been performed using wood chips containing poly (vinyl chloride) in a 5: 1 weight ratio as a model refuse-feed. The feed is pyrolyzed with and without catalyst (disposable iron sulfide catalyst), as well as under the presence of low oxygen concentration (5.7vol%) at 360-420°C. The acidic and acid-free fractions separated by the treatment with an anion exchange resin from tar component are characterized by means of spectroscopic techniques (FT-i.r., 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR) and ultimate analysis, comparing to those from tar components formed by the pyrolysis of six different kinds of hydrocarbons and poly (vinyl chloride).
    The results show that; (1) Calorific value of char retains more than 40% of the starting feed, which exceeds the process target for calorific balance between the first and second stage of the total incineration process.(2) More than 95% of chlorine involved in the feed is removed during pyrolysis and the dechlori-nated char component (Cl content: 0.4-0.8wt%) could be transferred into the second stage for the total system.(3) The presence of the catalyst in the pyrolysis plays an important role in the reduction of chlorophenols formed in the low-temperature pyrolysis process.

Article Access Ranking

12 Apr. (Last 30 Days)

  1. Three-dimensional Investigations of Non-metallic Inclusions in Stainless Steels before and after Machining ISIJ International Advance Publication
  2. Perspective toward Long-term Global Goal for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation in Steel Industry Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.105(2019), No.6
  3. Influence of Ore Assimilation and Pore Formation during Sintering on Reduction Behavior of Sintered Ores Tetsu-to-Hagané Vol.107(2021), No.3
  4. Development Technology for Prevention of Macro-segregation in Casting of Steel Ingot by Insert Casting in Vacuum Atmosphere ISIJ International Advance Publication
  5. Numerical Simulation of Flow, Heat, Solidification, Solute Transfer and Electromagnetic Field for Vertical Mold and Curved Mold of Billet ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  6. Deformation Behavior of Longitudinal Surface Flaws in Flat Rolling of Steel Wire ISIJ International Advance Publication
  7. Dissolution Behavior of Mg and Ca from Dolomite Refractory into Al-killed Molten Steel ISIJ International Advance Publication
  8. Structural and Mechanical Characterizations of Top Dross in a Molten Zinc Bath ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  9. Numerical Study into Gravity Separation of Phosphorus from BOS Slag during Solidification ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3
  10. Crystal Structure Analysis of Top Dross in Molten Zinc Bath by First Principles Calculation and Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction ISIJ International Vol.61(2021), No.3

Search Phrase Ranking

12 Apr. (Last 30 Days)

  1. blast furnace
  2. coke oven gas injection
  3. slag
  4. tetsu-to-hagané
  5. blast furnace productivity
  6. effects of coiling temperature on microstructure and precipitation behavior in
  7. fundamental study on rapid reduction of chromium ore in basic oxygen furnace
  8. iron phosphide (fe2p, fe3p)
  9. iron phosphide (fe2p, fe3p), formation energy
  10. k.sasai and y. mizukami: refractories (taikabutsu), 53 (2001), 56.