Crystallization Kinetics of CaO-SiO2(CaO/SiO2=1)-TiO2-10 mass%B2O3 Glassy Slag by Differential Thermal Analysis
Zhen Wang, Qifeng Shu, Kuochih Chou
Crystallization characteristics of the CaO-SiO2-TiO2-10%B2O3 glassy slag at w(CaO)/w(SiO2)=1 have been studied by Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and Matusita-Sakka method. Crystallization products have been distinguished by employing X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscopy equipped with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). As the TiO2 content is within 10–18%, the crystal phase precipitated is mainly CaSiO3, and the effective activation energies for crystal growth increase with the increase of TiO2 content. Crystallization mechanism for CaSiO3 shifted from surface crystallization to one-dimensional growth with increase of TiO2. As the TiO2 content in slag further increases to 22% and 26%, CaTiSiO5 becomes the predominant crystal phase precipitated, and the effective activation energies for crystal growth decrease with the increase of TiO2 content. Crystallization mechanism for CaTiSiO5 is mainly surface crystallization. Therefore, with the increase of TiO2 content, the crystallization ability of the CaO-SiO2-TiO2-10%B2O3 glass system decreases initially and then increases.
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