Phase Equilibria in the Titanium-Iron-Oxygen System in the Temperature Range of 1173 to 1373 K
Phase relations and the equilibrium partial pressures of oxygen in the titanium-iron-oxygen ternary system have been studied in the temperature range of 1173 to 1373 K by means of a thermogravimetric method in a CO-CO2 gas mixture and X-ray diffraction technique for the quenched samples after the equilibrium experiments. The objective of the present work is both to clarify the relation between the phase relations in the Ti-Fe-O ternary system and the equilibrium partial pressures of oxygen, and to discuss the possibility of upgrading natural ilmenite ore to a rutile substitute for extractive metallurgy of titanium.
The results are summarized as follows: The phase diagram and isobars of oxygen in the titanium-iron-oxygen ternary system at 1 173, 1 273 and 1 373 K have been determined. It was found from the present results that upgrading ilmenite (FeTiO3) to a rutile (TiO2) substitute is thermodynamically possible.
Both the activities of magnetite and ulvospinel show negative deviations from Raoult's law in the Fe3O4-Fe2TiO4 spinel solid solutions coexisting with metallic iron in the temperature range of 1173 to 1373 K.