Dissolution of High Density Inclusions in Titanium Alloys
Ghassan Ghazal, Pierre Chapelle, Alain Jardy, Julien Jourdan, Yvon Millet
This paper deals with the presence of High Density Inclusions (HDI) in VAR melted titanium ingots. For performance and economical reasons, the elimination of these inclusions is of utmost importance for the titanium industry. However, very few studies have considered dissolution aspects of HDIs and accurate data on their dissolution rates still lack in the literature. In the present study, we investigate the mass transport driven dissolution of some HDIs (tungsten and molybdenum) in CPTi, Ti64 and Ti17 baths. This has been done by allowing the partial dissolution of cylindrical rods in molten titanium for various controlled periods of time. Dissolution rates have been determined by measuring the dimensions of these samples before and after the experiments. In some cases, the chemical composition of the solidified bath near the sample has also been measured by Scanning Electron Microscope. It has been evidenced that the dissolution kinetics depends highly on the liquid metal agitation and temperature. The results also revealed that the dissolution of both tungsten and molybdenum is higher in pure titanium than in the investigated alloys. A numerical model describing the mass transport driven dissolution was used to determine dissolution rates numerically and to compare them to experimental results.
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