The Evolution of Ironmaking Process Based on Coal-Containing Iron Ore Agglomerates
W-K. Lu, D. Frank Huang
Fundamentals of kinetics and mechanisms of iron oxide reduction of indurated pellets by reducing gases and of coal-containing iron ore composites, are reviewed. The gaseous products of the latter can be used to protect sponge iron from re-oxidation by a fully oxidized flame, provided the bed height of coal-containing iron ore agglomerates and the flame temperature are sufficiently high. Potential operational problems in RHF (Rotary Hearth Furnace) for tall beds and high flame temperature are discussed and a new hearth furnace, the Paired Straight Hearth (PSH) Furnace, is proposed.
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