In this study, we aimed to understand the corrosion behavior of Pb-free Cu alloys (Japan Industrial Standards (JIS) CAC411 and CAC901) and their crystallized substances (Cu2S and Bi, respectively) particles in a 3.0 mass% NaCl aqueous solution, in comparison with those of a Cu alloy (JIS CAC406), its crystallized substance (Pb) particles, and a Cu alloy (JIS CAC403) with no crystallized substances. A Cu2S specimen was produced via sintering Cu2S powders, and a Bi specimen was produced by Bi electro-plating on a Cu substrate. The measured corrosion potentials of CAC411, CAC901, and CAC403 were close to that of Sn instead Cu. The current density peak near the corrosion potential of CAC403, which was the highest Sn concentration, was the largest in comparison with those of the other Cu alloys. Conversely, rapid increase in the current density, which was shown for all the Cu alloy at the potential above −0.20 V vs. Ag/AgCl, was similar to that of Cu. Therefore, it was concluded that these increase in current densities of Cu alloys was due to the dissolution of the Cu matrix. Cu2S was converted into CuS during the anodic reaction. However, the corrosion potential of Cu2S was higher than those of Cu and CAC411. Therefore, it was concluded that the Cu2S particles in CAC411 act as cathodic sites and remain stable during the natural corrosion. The corrosion potential of Bi was higher than that of CAC901 and slightly lower than that of Cu. Further, at the potentials below −0.10 V vs. Ag/AgCl, Bi was thought to be covered with the passive film of Bi2O3 that was expected to protect Bi from corrosion. Therefore, it was concluded that the Bi particles in CAC901 hardly suffer severe corrosion. The corrosion potential of Pb was lower than those of the Cu and Cu alloys expect for CAC406. In addition, Pb exhibited a large anodic current density and dissolved actively around the corrosion potential of Cu. Therefore, it was concluded that the Pb particles dissolved preferentially during the corrosion of CAC406 owing to the galvanic corrosion. It was finally concluded that the Cu2S and the Bi particles in CAC411 and CAC901, respectively, hardly suffer severe corrosion than the Pb particles in CAC406 in chloride-containing aqueous solutions like sea water.